The Basics of Planting Hemp

The Basics of Planting Hemp

The Basics of Planting Hemp

Many farmers are singing the praises of the 2018 Farm Bill that allowed farmers in the United States to start growing hemp commercially. While there is no doubt that hemp can be a fantastic crop to grow, many farmers have never considered it before. The great news is that you probably already have the equipment needed to grow hemp that you can easily harvest for CBD oil. If you are interested in CBD farming, then here are the basic facts you need to know.

Hemp Growing Season

Hemp is a short-season crop. It grows best when there are less than 12 hours of sun on average daily. In most of the Eastern United States, hemp planted before June 21 produces taller and more robust plants that are great for producing seed. Farmers planting hemp after about August 21 will find that their plants are sorter and produce more flowers. Furthermore, moisture is especially important during the first six weeks. Ideally, 25 to 30 inches of rain falls in the area annually.

Hemp Soil

In order to maximize yield, farmers should plant when the soil temperature is above 46 degrees Fahrenheit. While you can have some success planting hemp in a variety of soils, you can expect larger yields when you plant it in loose, well-aerated loam soil that has a pH balance between 6.0 and 7.5. Organic matter should make up about 3.5 % of the soil. A four-year crop rotation plan is recommended to avoid build-up of diseases because there are currently no pest management options approved for use in the United States.

Planting Hemp Seed

If you want to grow hemp seed, then you should plow the area in the fall. Then, you need to prepare the seedbed in the spring. A grain drill is ideal for planting hemp seed as using it allows you to plant the seeds between 0.75 inches and 1.25 inches deep. Some recommend planting a little deeper, but research from Purdue University shows that placing seeds deeper makes plants are more susceptible to damping off.

Plant Rate and Row Width

You need to follow the seed producer’s recommendations for plant rate and row width because it varies by the variety. Generally, those interested in CBD farming for oil should plant about 864,000 seeds per acre. Ideally, this results in a plant for every square inch.

Fertilizer Needs

Hemp requires the addition of good fertilizer that is like that used on wheat or corn. Generally, you need to use 115 pounds of nitrogen per acre, 50 pounds of phosphorus per acre, and about 58 pounds of potash per acre.

If you are ready to learn more about growing hemp for CBD oil, contact CBD Energy LLC. They can give you even more details about growing this crop for oil production. Contact them today and watching your farming profits soar tomorrow.